Big Ideas in Grade 5
(These are the skills that students will learn throughout the entire year for mastery.)
Operations and Algebraic Thinking
- Write and interpret numerical expressions.
- Analyze patterns and relationships.
Number and Operations in Base Ten
- Understand the place value system.
- Perform operations with multi-digit whole numbers and with decimals to hundredths.
Number and Operations—Fractions
- Use equivalent fractions as a strategy to add and subtract fractions.
- Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division to multiply and divide fractions.
Measurement and Data
- Convert like measurement units within a given measurement system.
- Represent and interpret data.
- Geometric measurement: understand concepts of volume and relate volume to multiplication and to addition.
- Graph points on the coordinate plane to solve real-world and mathematical problems.
- Classify two-dimensional figures into categories based on their properties.
“Power” Areas in Grade 5
Each grade level has what is known as Critical Areas. In 5th grade, there are 3 critical areas that are the focus of math instruction.
- Apply student’s knowledge of place value and operations on whole numbers to decimal fractions and two-digit divisors.
- Apply previous experiences with operations on fraction to extend to unlike denominators, multiplying two fractions, and using the relationship between multiplication and division to understand ideas surrounding the division of fractions.
- Develop an understanding of volume.