• Special Education Frequently Asked Questions (6 Questions)
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Certain steps must take place.
1. A Building-Based Student Support Team (BBSST) may refer a child for evaluation OR a parent may contact the student's school to request an referral for evaluation.
2. The parent will be invited to participate in an IEP team meeting to decide whether to accept the referral for evaluation.
3. The IEP Team MAY refer the child to the BBSST if the request for evaluation is not accepted.
4. If the referral is accepted, then data are collected and parent will be invited to another IEP meeting to determine if the child is eligible under state criteria to receive special education services.
5. If the child IS eligible under state criteria for special education services, a meeting will be held to develop an Individualized Education Program (IEP) for the child.
To receive services, a student must be referred for evaluation and meet state eligibility criteria in at least one of 13 disability areas.
These areas are:
3. Developmental Delay
4. Emotional Disturbance
5. Hearing Impairment
6. Mental Retardation
7. Multiple Disabilities
8. Orthopedic Impairment
9. Other Health Impairment
10. Specific Learning Disabilities
11. Speech and Language Impairment
12. Traumatic Brain Injury
13. Visual Impairment
Least Restrictive Environment
Special education supports and services must be provided in the least restrictive environment (LRE). The LRE begins in the zoned school with the age appropriate grade, with special education services brought to the general education classroom to maximize school success.
Each public school child who receives special education services must have an Individualized Education Plan (IEP). Each IEP must be individually designed for each student.
The IEP creates an opportunity for teachers, parents, school administrators, related services personnel, and students (when appropriate) to work together to improve educational results through the IEP.
To create an effective IEP, parents, teachers, and other school staff must look closely at the student's unique needs. The team pools knowledge, experience and commitment to design an educational program that will help the student be involved in, and progress through, the general curriculum. The IEP guides the delivery of special education supports and services for the student with a disability.
When an IEP team determines that a student does not meet eligibility criteria for special education, the evaluation information is forwarded to the school principal.